Do not compare Trump's handling of COVID to Obama's Handling of H1N1. There is no comparison - Read!
- 2018 - Biodefense Unit was disbanded. No Protocol or Doctrine for Pandemic.
- November 2019 - Intelligence reported to President Trump that Coronavirus spreading in China could be 'cataclysmic event'. No action was initiated by the US President.
- December 31 - WHO formally acknowledged Coronavirus
- January 31 - Trump puts in place a partial ban for travel to and from China (too late, it is now the Europe Virus)
- February 6, 2020 - A person in California dies from the coronavirus, the first known American death.
- February 7, 2020 - Trump privately told journalist Bob Woodward that the coronavirus was “deadly stuff” transmitted by air, a threat “more deadly” than the flu, the warnings around him had been rampant.
- March 11, 2020 - President Trump bans all travel from 26 European countries (too late, it is here)
- February 10, 2020 - Trump claims virus will disappear in April.
- September 19, 2020 - US Recorded over 200,000 Deaths from Coronavirus
A complete timeline of the coronavirus pandemic:
- 2015 The Global Health Security and Biodefense unit — responsible for pandemic preparedness — was established in 2015 by Barack Obama’s National Security Advisor, Susan Rice ( here ). The unit resided under the National Security Council (NSC) — a forum of White House personnel that advises the president on national security and foreign policy matters.
- May 2018, the team was disbanded and its head Timothy Ziemer, top White House official in the NSC for leading U.S. response against a pandemic, left the Trump administration, the Washington Post reported. Some members of the global health and security team were merged into other units within the NSC, the article said. The Trump administration disbanded the “pandemic response” team, but some of the team members were reassigned to roles that included pandemic response, however, null and voided the original charter of the team.
- November 2019, US intelligence warned in November that coronavirus spreading in China could be 'cataclysmic event'. U.S. intelligence officials were warning that a contagion was sweeping through China’s Wuhan region, changing the patterns of life and business and posing a threat to the population.
Concerns about what is now known to be the novel coronavirus pandemic were detailed in a November intelligence report by the military's National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI), according to two officials familiar with the document’s contents.
The report was the result of analysis of wire and computer intercepts, coupled with satellite images. It raised alarms because an out-of-control disease would pose a serious threat to U.S. forces in Asia -- forces that depend on the NCMI’s work. And it paints a picture of an American government that could have ramped up mitigation and containment efforts far earlier to prepare for a crisis poised to come home.
"Analysts concluded it could be a cataclysmic event," one of the sources said of the NCMI’s report. "It was then briefed multiple times to" the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Pentagon’s Joint Staff and the White House. Wednesday night, the Pentagon issued a statement denying the "product/assessment" existed.
- December 31, 2019 Chinese Health officials inform the WHO about a cluster of 41 patients with a mysterious pneumonia.
WHO’s Country Office in the People’s Republic of China picked up a media statement by the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission from their website on cases of ‘viral pneumonia’ in Wuhan, People’s Republic of China.
The Country Office notified the International Health Regulations (IHR) focal point in the WHO Western Pacific Regional Office about the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission media statement of the cases and provided a translation of it.
WHO’s Epidemic Intelligence from Open Sources (EIOS) platform also picked up a media report on ProMED (a programme of the International Society for Infectious Diseases) about the same cluster of cases of “pneumonia of unknown cause”, in Wuhan.
Several health authorities from around the world contacted WHO seeking additional information.
Most are connected to Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.
- January 1, 2020 Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market closes.
- January 7, 2020 Chinese authorities identify the virus that caused the pneumonia-like illness as a new type of coronavirus (called novel coronavirus or nCoV).
- January 11, 2020 China records its first death linked to the novel coronavirus.
- January 13, 2020 Thailand reports the first coronavirus infection outside of China.
- January 20, 2020 The first US case is reported: a 35-year-old man in Snohomish County, Washington.
- January 23, 2020 Chinese authorities place the city of Wuhan under quarantine — and the rest of the Hubei province days later.
- January 30, 2020 WHO declares a global public-health emergency.
- January 31, 2020 President Trump bans foreign nationals from entering the US if they had been in China within the prior two weeks. Trump’s order did not fully “close” the U.S. off to China, as he asserts. It temporarily barred entry by foreign nationals who had traveled in China within the previous 14 days, with exceptions for the immediate family of U.S. citizens and permanent residents. Americans returning from China were allowed back after enhanced screening at select ports of entry and for 14 days afterward. But U.S. scientists say screenings can miss people who don’t yet show symptoms of COVID-19; while symptoms often appear within five or six days of exposure, the incubation period is 14 days.
- February 2, 2020 The first coronavirus death outside China is recorded in the Philippines.
- February 6, 2020 A person in California dies from the coronavirus, the first known American death.
- February 7, 2020 Chinese doctor and coronavirus whistleblower Li Wenliang dies.
- February 9, 2020 Death toll in China surpasses that of the 2002-2003 SARS epidemic, with 811 deaths recorded.
- February 10, 2020 Trump states “Now, the virus that we’re talking about having to do ― you know, a lot of people think that goes away in April with the heat ― as the heat comes in. Typically, that will go away in April. We’re in great shape though. We have 12 cases ― 11 cases, and many of them are in good shape now.” “Looks like by April, you know, in theory, when it gets a little warmer, it miraculously goes away.” “I really believe they are going to have it under control fairly soon. You know in April, supposedly, it dies with the hotter weather. And that’s a beautiful date to look forward to.”
- February 11, 2020 WHO announces that the disease caused by the novel coronavirus will be called "COVID-19."
- February 12, 2020 Coronavirus cases start to spikein South Korea.
- February 19, 2020 Iran's coronavirus outbreak begins.
- February 21, 2020 COVID-19 cases start to spike in Italy.
- February 28, 2020, During a campaign rally in South Carolina, President Donald Trump likened the Democrats' criticism of his administration's response to the new coronavirus outbreak to their efforts to impeach him, saying "this is their new hoax." During the speech he also seemed to downplay the severity of the outbreak, comparing it to the common flu.
- March 3, 2020 Coronavirus cases begin to sharply increase in Spain.
- March 8, 2020 Italy places all 60 million of its residents on lockdown.
- March 11, 2020 WHO declares the outbreak a pandemic.
- March 11, 2020 President Trump bans all travel from 26 European countries.
- March 13, 2020 Trump declares a national emergency in the US.
- March 19, 2020 China reports no new locally spread infections for the first time since the pandemic began.
- March 23, 2020New York City confirms 21,000 cases, making it the epicenter of the outbreak in the US.
- March 26, 2020 Total confirmed cases in the US reach 82,404 — the highest in the world — surpassing China's 81,782 and Italy's 80,589.
- March 31, 2020 More than 1/3 of humanity is under some form of lockdown.
- April 2, 2020 The world passes 1 million COVID-19 infections.
- April 7, 2020 Roughly 95% of all Americans are under lockdown, as 42 states issue stay-at-home orders.
- April 10, 2020 The global death toll surpasses 100,000.
- April 14, 2020 President Donald Trump orders a halt on $400 million in funding for the World Health Organization.
- April 24, 2020 Coronavirus cases start to spike in Brazil.
- May 11, 2020 Several countries, such as Spain, Iran, Italy, Denmark, Israel, Germany, New Zealand, and Thailand, begin to ease their lockdown restrictions.
- May 16, 2020 Coronavirus cases surge in India.
- May 21, 2020The number of global COVID-19 cases surpasses 5 million. The number of global COVID-19 cases surpass 10 million, and global deaths surpass 500,000
- 21 May 2020
WHO signed a new agreement with the UN Refugee Agency, with a key aim for 2020 of supporting ongoing efforts to protect some 70 million forcibly displaced people from COVID-19.
- 27 May 2020 The WHO Foundation was established, with the aim of supporting global public health needs by providing funds to WHO and trusted partners. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the WHO Foundation will initially focus on emergencies and pandemic response. By facilitating contributions from the general public, individual major donors and corporate partners, the Foundation will drive work towards securing more sustainable and predictable funding for WHO, drawn from a broader donor base.
- 29 May 2020 Thirty countries and multiple international partners and institutions launched the COVID-19 Technology Access Pool (C-TAP), an initiative to make vaccines, tests, treatments and other health technologies to fight COVID-19 accessible to all. Voluntary and based on social solidarity, C-TAP aims to provide a one-stop shop for equitably sharing scientific knowledge, data and intellectual property.
- Heads of government and leaders from across the UN, academia, industry and civil society spoke at the launch event for C-TAP, an initiative first proposed in March by President Carlos Alvarado of Costa Rica. WHO, Costa Rica and all the co-sponsor countries also issued a ‘Solidarity Call to Action’ asking stakeholders to join and support the initiative, with recommended actions for key groups.
- 2 June 2020 The Executive Director of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme addressed the Yemen High-level Pledging Conference, organised to support the humanitarian response and alleviate suffering in the country. The Executive Director said that COVID-19 was placing a major burden on the health system, already on the verge of collapse, and that a “massive scale-up of our COVID and non-COVID health operations” was needed, despite the considerable efforts of WHO and partners.
- 4 June 2020 WHO welcomed funding commitments made at the Global Vaccine Summit. Hosted virtually by the UK government, this was Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance’s, third pledging conference. These commitments will help maintain immunization in lower-income countries, mitigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Summit also highlighted how important a safe, effective and equitably accessible vaccine will be in controlling COVID-19.
- 5 June 2020 WHO published updated guidance on the use of masks for the control of COVID-19, which provided updated advice on who should wear a mask, when it should be worn and what it should be made of.
- 13 June 2020 WHO reported that Chinese authorities had provided information on a cluster of COVID-19 cases in Beijing, People’s Republic of China.
- Officials from the National Health Commission and Beijing Health Commission briefed WHO’s China country office, to share details of preliminary investigations ongoing in Beijing.
- WHO offered support and technical assistance, as well as requested further information about the cluster and the investigations underway and planned.
- 16 June 2020 WHO welcomed initial clinical trial results from the UK that showed dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, could be lifesaving for patients critically ill with COVID-19. The news built off the Global Research and Innovation Forum, which took place in Geneva in mid-February, to accelerate health technologies for COVID-19. The Forum highlighted further research into the use of steroids as a priority.
- 17 June 2020
WHO announced that the hydroxychloroquine arm of the Solidarity Trial to find an effective COVID-19 treatment was being stopped. The decision was based on large scale randomized evidence from the Solidarity, Discovery and Recovery trials, as well as a review of available published evidence from other sources, which showed that hydroxychloroquine did not reduce mortality for hospitalised COVID-19 patients.
- 26 June 2020
The ACT-Accelerator published its consolidated investment case, calling for $31.3 billion over the next 12 months for diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines. A press conference detailed the ACT-Accelerator's four pillars of work: diagnostics, therapeutics, vaccines and the health system connector, in addition to the cross-cutting workstream on Access and Allocation.
- 29 June 2020 WHO's first infodemiology conference began, as part of the organization’s work on new evidence-based measures and practices to prevent, detect and respond to mis- and disinformation. 'Infodemiology' is the science of managing ‘infodemics’: the overabundance of information – some accurate and some not – occurring during an epidemic.
- 1-2 July 2020
WHO held its second summit on COVID-19 research and innovation, to take stock of the evolving science on COVID-19 and examine progress in developing effective health tools. The virtual summit hosted over 1000 researchers and scientists from all over the world.
- One of the outcomes was agreement that more trials were needed to test antivirals, immunomodulatory drugs and anti-thrombotic agents, as well as combination therapies, at different stages of the disease. The discussion of vaccine candidates covered the use of a global, multi country, adaptive trial design, with a common Data and Safety Monitoring Board, and clear criteria to advance candidates through the various stages of trials.
- 4 July 2020 WHO announced that the hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir/ritonavir arms of the Solidarity trial to find an effective COVID-19 treatment were being discontinued, building on the decision to stop the hydroxychloroquine arm on 17 June 2020. The decision was based on evidence from the Solidarity trial interim results and from a review of the evidence from all trials presented at the 1-2 July WHO Summit on COVID-19 research and innovation.
- 6 July 2020 WHO shared survey findings, showing that seventy-three countries have warned that they are at risk of stock-outs of antiretroviral (ARV) medicines as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Twenty-four countries reported having either a critically low stock of ARVs or disruptions in the supply of these life-saving medicines.
- 9 July 2020 The WHO Director-General announced the co-chairs of the Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response (IPPR) to evaluate the world’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This announcement was a response to the request in a landmark resolution adopted by the World Health Assembly in May, which called on WHO to initiate an independent and comprehensive evaluation of the lessons learned from the international health response to COVID-19. In remarks to WHO Member States, the Director-General said the Panel will be co-chaired by former Prime Minister of New Zealand Helen Clark and former President of Liberia Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. In the past, WHO's internal evaluation department would serve as a secretariat in independent evaluations but the Director-General proposed an independent secretariat fully accountable to the two co-chairs and the panel, due to the unique situation. WHO issued an updated Scientific Brief on COVID-19 transmission, providing information on how, when and in which settings the virus spreads between people. The brief described possible modes of transmission, including contact, droplet, airborne, fomite, fecal-oral, bloodborne, mother-to-child, and animal-to-human transmission.
- 10 July 2020 Launch of the Access Initiative for Quitting Tobacco, which provides free access to nicotine replacement therapy and to Florence, a digital health worker, based on artificial intelligence that dispels myths around COVID-19 and tobacco and helps people develop a personalized plan to quit tobacco.
- To develop the scope and terms of reference for a WHO-led international mission, WHO experts departed for China to work together with their Chinese counterparts to prepare scientific plans for identifying the zoonotic source of COVID-19. The mission objective is to advance the understanding of animal hosts for COVID-19 and ascertain how the disease jumped between animals and humans.
- 13 July 2020 The 2020 edition of the UN’s ‘ State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World’ is published, which forecasted that the COVID-19 pandemic could tip over 130 million more people into chronic hunger by the end of the year.
- 15 July 2020
The COVAX Facility, a mechanism designed to guarantee rapid, fair and equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines worldwide, secured engagement from more than 150 countries, representing over 60% of the world’s population. Seventy-five countries have expressed interest in financing the vaccines from their own public finance budgets and partnering with up to 90 lower-income countries that could be supported through the COVAX Advance Market Commitment. The COVAX Facility forms a key part of the Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator’s vaccines pillar, which is co-led by WHO.
- 17 July 2020 The WHO Director-General held a press conference with the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, marking the release of the updated Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19 for $10.3 billion to fight the virus in low-income and fragile countries.
- September 19, 2020 - US Recorded over 200,000 deaths.